Venice, whose rise can be dated 1500 years ago, was built on Venitian Lagoon's islands and had a different development than other european cities.
Due to the trade with the East, Venitians have been able to build a town which was one of the most important economical power of Renaissance and they enriched Venice with thousand of masterpieces which are housed today inside churches, palaces, schools and art galleries.
The most famous and historical monumental is S. Mark's Church with S. Mark's Square.
Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari and S. Giovanni and Paolo are two other important basilicas, to consider as church-museum, because they contain a lot of masterpieces.
Other important religious buildings of Venice include San Zaccaria, a Renaissance church which is decorated with a lot of famous paintings and Santa Maria dei Miracoli, a little church of great value.
Santa Maria della Salute that overlooks the Canal Grande, is the most representative building of Venitian Baroque.
The two churches of San Giorgio Maggiore and SS. Redentore are two Neoclassic masterpieces of Andrea Palladio.
Among the important buildings you can't miss a visit to the Doge's Palace, with its collections rich in art and history, the Ca' d'oro, a gothic palace from where you can enjoy an excellent view of the Canal Grande, and the Renaissance Ca' Vendramin Calergi, that today houses the Venitian Casino.
Typical Venitian istitutions were the schools , citizens brotherhood of social aim activities:
The Scuola Grande of San Rocco which was a shelter for sicks and plague strickens, today is a museum which contains the most complete paintings collection of Tintoretto.
The big school of San Giovanni Evangelista and the Saint Marc school are very interesting for their architecture
The San Giorgio degli Schiavoni School presents many works of Vittore Carpaccio.
The archeologic museum in the Saint Mark Square is worth a stop for his Greek and Roman statue collection, Roman frescoes , Greek and Etruscan ceramics Egiptian mummies little sculptures and coins and other reports
The Correr museum contains maps, coins, Doges costumes, ceramics, carven ivories, arms and uniforms, many Venitian Renaissance and XIII century paintings.
The Doge's Palace hosts the Opera Museum, its aim is to conserve the same palace: the precious decorations the paintings, sculpture, arms, collections.
The XVIII century museum is Ca' Rezzonico, that hosts magnificent masterpieces of Alessandro Longhi, Piazzetta, Gianbattista and Tiepolo, Rosalba Carriera and Francesco and Gianantonio Guardi.
The Academia galleries presents a very rich collection of Venitian' s School with works from origins to 18th century.
The international art gallery is the Ca' Pesaro, that offers an interesting panoramic of the Venitian and Italian art from the 19th and 20th century.
The Fianchetti gallery is hosted in the Ca' D'Oro and conserves paintings of Mantegna, Bellini, Carpaccio and Tiziano and sculture, ceramics, bronzes.
The Peggy Guggenheim collection which is in Ca' Vernier dei Leoni, presents one of the most important contemporary art collections in Italy and in all the world. The pinacoteca Querini Stampalia, in the same fondation, hosts many Venitian paintings from the 15th to the 18th century.