The Venetian lagoon is the largest lagoon in the High Adriatic sea, with a length of about 50 km and a breadth of between 10 and 11 km.
It is an ever-changing environment, where waters occupy a considerable part of the territory that is continuously reshaped by the atmospheric agents and mankind.
The depth of the water can vary from just a few centimetres in the inland valleys to several meters in the harbours and navigation channels.
The lagoon is separated from the Adriatic sea by a long, narrow strip of land that includes four long, sandy and narrow shores: Cavallino, Lido, Pellestrina and Sottomarina.
The changeover of waters with the sea takes place at the mouths of the port of Lido, Malamocco and Chioggia.
From the shallows of the lagoon emerge a number of small islands, with different heights above sea level, some inhabited, others in the process of formation or being eroded away.
The foreshore, low and flat islands, formed by clay sediments, is home to colonies of wild ducks, herons, and cormorants.
The wildlife of the area consists of molluscs, crustaceans, amphibians, reptiles and many kinds of fish.
The fish farms in the marshlands, confined by banks, occupy a large portion of the northern and southern lagoon basins.
In Italian they go by the name of "Valli" and are known for their "vallicoltura", a type of fish farming particular to the Venetian lagoon and practised since ancient times.
Sea bass, giltheads and eels migrate from the sea to the lagoon each spring and back from the lagoon to the sea at the start of each winter.
Cavallino Treporti is an enviable example of a "green" resort where low impact construction methods have been used and where mankind has combined economic development with protection of the environment. Its coastline is constituted by the peninsula that marks the northern border of the Venetian Lagoon.
The 15 kilometres of golden sandy beach, the green countryside inland where quality vegetables are grown and the farms where fine fish are bred form a happy oasis for those who love nature, life outdoors and sport. And it has much more to offer...
Nearby Jesolo provides a whole host of opportunities for leisure, shopping and fun.
Venice, world famous for its art, history and culture, is just a few minutes away by motor boat from Punta Sabbioni, crossing the same opening to the sea that was once crossed by the city's powerful navies.
Since 2006 the Cavallino-Treporti coastline has continued to fly the “Blue Flag”, the prestigious international award given to leading tourist resorts for the cleanliness of their bathing waters, but also for the quality of services offered and respect for the environment. The award is given by the FEE (Foundation for Environmental Education), with the participation of UNEP (the United Nations Environment Programme) and the World Tourism Organisation. In order to receive this award, tourist resorts are carefully scrutinised by the FEE. Only the beaches that satisfy certain quality criteria can be awarded a “Blue Flag”. Over the years these criteria have become increasingly stringent. However, despite this, since 2006 the Cavallino-Treporti coastline has managed to retain its “Blue Flag” every year. This is further testimony of the top quality holiday that this area offers its visitors.
In particular, the Cavallino-Treporti coastline has won the award for the excellent quality of its bathing waters, which undergo a long series of specific tests every year. But the award is also the result of our coastline’s quality, of constant cleanliness, of a wealth of tourism services and of the safety of our beaches. It is the result of a profound attention to environmental issues, to education and awareness initiatives, correct information and special care over proper waste disposal.
Today, tourism is increasingly synonymous with environmental sustainability. All tourism professionals in Cavallino-Treporti are dedicated to maintaining the standard of quality they have achieved and, if possible, to improving it, so that this little peninsula set between the sea and the Venice lagoon will continue to be the jewel in the crown of European tourism.